DRIP IRRIGATION

DRIP IRRIGATION

This can be often the trendy reasonably irrigation, and also called a micro-irrigation system that has the potential to reduce water usage during irrigation and save water. The function of drip irrigation is that it’s allowing the water to drip slowly to the roots of the plant for both soil surface and buried below the surface. A drip irrigation system is consisting of tubing, valves, pipes, and emitters. It depends on the design, well maintained, installed, and therefore, the way it operates. Drip irrigation generally better than all other kinds of irrigation.

Goal

The main goal of drip irrigation is to chop back the water usage and minimize water evaporation.

Types

Carefully we examine all relevant factors like soil, water, agro climate condition, and land topography because these are necessary for suitable drip irrigation and components which are employed in a specific installation.

Micro spray heads

Watered in a smaller area, that’s why it’s called micro-spray heads and it is a tool of drip irrigation. These are used generally use to wider root zone crops, and vine crops

Example: potatoes and grapes

Subsurface drip irrigation

We use subsurface drip irrigation in those areas where water supplies are limited and recycled water is utilized for irrigation. It is the temporary and permanently buried Dipper line or drip tape is found at or below the plants. It’s popular for row crop plants.

Examples: sugarcane, cotton, etc.

Advantages and disadvantages

Advantages

Water application efficiency is high if we managed correctly. The leveling of the field isn’t important. Non-portable and recycled water is safely used. Field with irregular shapes is easily accommodated Labor cost is minimized by this process By this device we are going to control water distribution due to nozzles. We also control variation in supply through regulating the valves, and dippers Fertigation can easily be included with minimal waste of fertilizers. Foliage remains dry that’s why the risk of diseases is low.

Disadvantages

The initial price is high than the overhead system. Due to high sunlight, it affects the pipes of the system, shortening life, and cause plastic degradation. Degrading plastic affects soil contents and food crops. Water blocking in pipes is common. If it isn’t properly installed waste of water, time, and harvest.

Uses

Drip irrigation is used in farms, commercial greenhouses, and residential gardens. Drip irrigation is adopted extensively in areas of acute water scarcity and particularly for crops and trees like coconuts, containerized landscape trees, grapes, bananas, ber, eggplant, citrus, strawberries, sugarcane, cotton, maize, and tomatoes. Drip irrigation for garden available in drip kits is increasingly popular for the homeowner and encompasses a timer, hose, and emitter. Hoses that are 4 mm in diameter are accustomed to irrigate flower pots.

Conclusion

In highly dry areas of the Volgograd and Saratov regions, it’s possible to cultivate tomatoes and other vegetables with drip irrigation methods. The utilization of drip irrigation allows changing the cropping patterns that encourage land cultivation. Drip irrigation is incredibly adaptable to the soil conditions and native sources of water. System of drip irrigation could also be successfully located and are used as at the little holdings, so at farms of varied quite an ownership. Using drip irrigation, more productive gave the impression to be tomato sorts that are grown in the Volgograd Region, their productivity made up 50-60 t/ha. Using drip irrigation, more productive gave the impression to be tomato sorts that are grown in the Volgograd Region, their productivity made up 50-60 t/ha. Drip irrigation is more conservative in water use and increases water availability for households. Initial investments to place in drip irrigation systems are the foremost bottleneck.

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